Spotted Shovel-nosed Frog - Hemisus guttatus
This frog with globular body, small pointed head, pointed snout, and tiny eyes, is scientifically named Hemisus guttatus (Hemisotidae) and is known only from South Africa. Other common names are Spotted Snout-Burrower, Spotted Burrowing Frog, in reference to its burrowing habit since these frogs spend most of their lives underground.
It is dark purple or brown, with numerous yellow dots on the dorsum. The snout is hardened and flattened, with the mouth on the underside and is used for burrowing head-first, as the common name of Spotted Snout-Burrower suggests.
Because its distribution is severely fragmented, Hemisus guttatus is classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
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Photo credit: ©Tyrone Ping | Locality: Mtunzini, Kwa Zulu Natal. South Africa (2014)